Products obtained from ELTs recycling

An end-of-life tyre can be recycled in two different ways:

  • Recycling of material
  • Recovery of energy

At the material component level, tyres are made of numerous materials that influence how they are recovered.

95% recycled tyres in Europe in 2009

An end-of-life tyre can be recycled in two different ways:

  • Recycling of material: the tyre can be used as-is, or after physical treatment in countless applications, from civil engineering works to the production of asphalt and compounds ready to be reused in production processes.
  • Recovery of energy: due to the high caloric content of ELTs, which exceeds that of coal, they are used as fuel in thermoelectric plants and in the ovens of cement production plants. The presence of natural rubber means that the ELT has a biomass content that is near or above 20% of its total weight, thereby assuring a reduction in the greenhouse gas emissions of the plants that use them.

EVOLUTION OF USED TYRES RECOVERY ROUTES

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TYRE RECYCLING DIAGRAM
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The three systems for management of ELTs
Taxation system Each country is responsible for the recovery and recycling of ELTs. The tyre makers pay a tax to the government, which has overall responsibility for organisation and compensates the individuals and companies that recycle the ELTs. The tax is then passed on to the consumer. Applicable in Denmark, Slovakia and Slovenia.
Free market The law sets the targets to be reached and the parties responsible for the individual stages of production and recovery, but it does not impose responsibility for the entire recovery process. Consequently, all system operators make agreements on the free market and act in compliance with local waste management law. Applicable in Austria, Bulgaria, Croatia, Germany, Ireland, Switzerland and the United Kingdom.
Producer responsibility The law defines the legal structure and makes the tyre makers responsible for organising the management of ELTs. It is possible to set up a not-for-profit company to manage the ELTs by using more economical solutions. The tyre makers must monitor their recovery activities and submit reports to national authorities. Applicable in Norway, Netherlands, Sweden, Belgium, Finland, Estonia, France, Poland, Portugal, Hungary, Romania, Spain, Greece and Italy.

Source: “Ecopneus”, www.ecopneus.it

ELT MANAGEMENT: COUNTRY SPECIFIC IMPLEMENTATION IN EUROPE
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